The British Isles are composed of England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland (Ulster) and the Irish Republic (Eire).
It is not to be mistaken with :
— Great Britain: Scotland, Wales and England are a geographic entity.
— The United Kingdom: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are a political entity.The British Isles cover 314 400 square kilometres.
More than 62 millions people live there.
1. The United Kingdom
It’s 244 820 km2. The climate is temperate, moderated by southwest winds.
It’s a constitutional monarchy : the Queen is Elizabeth II. She takes the crown in 1952.